Read Howard Zinn pgs 347-357
Construct a three column chart.
In the first column (P.O.V.), least each of the following terms and describe each in your own words. Discuss what Howard Zinn wants you to know, think and believe.
In the second column, (Evidence) include a quote(s) for each term. The quote should clearly illustrate the thinking behind your summary in column one.
In the third column (Significance/Connections) explain why the term is important in the context of our unit: Democracy and equality for women--The right to vote--Why then? Consider the terms connection to industrialization, socialism, labor unions, women's suffrage or immigration.
a) Progressive Era (please read the entire section before attempting to complete this term)
b) Blacks and Socialism
c) The Niagara Movement
d) Progressive Reform Legislation--amendments and specific acts
e) Pujo Committee
f) Theodore Roosevelt
h) National Civil Federation
i) Ludlow Massacre
Answer the following question in about a paragraph:
Zinn seems to be critical of Progressive Reform and reformers. Why do you think this is so? Why does he doubt the stated intentions of progressives?
nadir: an extreme state of adversity; the lowest point of anything; the point below the observer that is directly opposite the zenith on the imaginary sphere against which celestial bodies appear to be projected
progressive: favoring or promoting reform (often by government action)
repudiate: disown: cast off; "She renounced her husband"; "The parents repudiated their son"
peonage: the practice of making a debtor work for his creditor until the debt is discharged
disenfranchise: (also called disenfranchisement) is the revocation of the right of suffrage (the right to vote) to a person or group of people, or rendering a person's vote less effective, or ineffective. Disfranchisement might occur explicitly through law, or implicitly by intimidation. ...
agitate: try to stir up public opinion; cause to be agitated, excited, or roused; "The speaker charged up the crowd with his inflammatory remarks"
militant: disposed to warfare or hard-line policies; "militant nations"; "hawkish congressman"; "warlike policies"
provocative: serving or tending to provoke, excite, or stimulate; stimulating discussion or exciting controversy; "a provocative remark"; "a provocative smile"; "provocative Irish tunes which...compel the hearers to dance"- Anthony Trollope
indignation: a feeling of righteous anger
spearhead: someone who leads or initiates an activity (attack or campaign etc.)
submissive: inclined or willing to submit to orders or wishes of others or showing such inclination; "submissive servants"; "a submissive reply"; "replacing troublemakers with more submissive people"
embody: incarnate: represent in bodily form; "He embodies all that is evil wrong with the system"; "The painting substantiates the feelings of the artist"
sanction: An approval, by an authority, that makes something valid; A penalty, or some coercive measure, intended to ensure compliance; especially one adopted by several nations, or by an international body; A law, treaty, or contract, or a clause within a law, treaty, or contract, specifying the above ...
trust: Trust-busting is any government activity designed to break up trusts or monopolies. Theodore Roosevelt is the U.S. president most associated with dissolving trusts. However, William Howard Taft signed twice as much trust-busting legislation during his presidency.
manifesto: a public declaration of intentions (as issued by a political party or government)
novel: pleasantly new or different; "common sense of a most refreshing sort"
municipal: A municipality is an administrative entity composed of a clearly defined territory and its population and commonly denotes a city, town, or village, or a small grouping of them. A municipality is typically governed by a mayor and a city council or municipal council.
impetus: drift: a force that moves something along; impulse: the act of applying force suddenly; "the impulse knocked him over"
tacit: Done or made in silence; implied, but not expressed; silent; as, tacit consent is consent by silence, or by not interposing an objection; Not derived from formal principles of reasoning; based on induction rather than deduction
anarchist: Anarchism is a political philosophy which considers the state undesirable, unnecessary and harmful, and instead promotes a stateless society, or anarchy.
memorandum: memo, written proposal or reminder
atrocity: the quality of being shockingly cruel and inhumane